Oil of lemon eucalyptus is a naturally occurring chemical, unlike DEET and picaridin, which are synthetic man-made substances. In an article advising Americans how to protect themselves against mosquitoes, ticks and other disease-carrying bugs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends five effective repellents.. Four of them are synthetic chemicals. It may cause allergic skin reactions. They also tell users to wash their skin when they are no longer needed. Their olfactory receptors are sensitive to 1-octen-3-ol, which is a substance in human breath and sweat. DEET does effectively deter mosquitoes but many consumers have realized that it has dangerous effects. I now even use it on my baby with care. While DEET is the gold standard of insect repellents, it is also a strong synthetic chemical with a tarnished reputation. Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus vs Lemon Eucalyptus Essential Oil. Though it is used as another name for oil of lemon eucalyptus, they are not the same. Choosing an EPA-registered repellent ensures the EPA has evaluated the product for effectiveness. It has many different chemical components, including the major component citronellal. This increases the toxicity of the carbamate insecticides. If you trust the EPA (this writer may question some of their findings, just sayin') then repel to your heart’s content with DEET, following the instructions, of course. it even says flammable on it?! It is an oil that is slightly yellow. Lemon eucalyptus oil is safe for most adults, especially when you apply it on your skin as a mosquito repellent. And Consumer Reports seconds the opinion in their meticulous testing. Oil of lemon eucalyptus can be mixed with a plant carrier like jojoba, castor oil, and olive oil and a medium such as witch hazel. Consumer Reports looked at plant-oil based repellents and found that one “product in our insect repellent ratings that contained 30 percent oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) did well in our tests, warding off mosquitoes and ticks for at least 7 hours.” They add that other products with plant oils – including cedar, cinnamon, citronella, clove, geranium, lemongrass, rosemary, and peppermint – “provided little protection, often failing in our tests within a half-hour.”, (Bonus: That one product that did so well in the Consumer Reports ratings? Lavender, cajeput, geranium, pine, pennyroyal, citronella. Remember Me? But not with this natural oil. If it can then it can most probably harm other living beings as well. The synthetic and refined version known as PMD, is known as a commercial repellent in the United States. DEET is not supposed to bioaccumulate, but It has a slight toxicity to fresh-water species of fish such as tilapia and rainbow trout. Avoid touching your lips or mouth after handling oil of lemon eucalyptus. What they found: Cutter Lemon Eucalyptus Insect Repellent ($9; amazon.com), a plant-based spray that contains oil of lemon eucalyptus, was the only DEET-free formula to … When you apply 30% oil of lemon eucalyptus extract or Citriodiol about three times every day, tick bites decrease significantly. This tree is in demand because of honey production and structural timber. DEET has a concentration range of about 5 to 100%. In China, it has been used as Quwenling as a repellent against mosquitoes. DEET, an insect repellent used in a large number of bug sprays, repels insects like mosquitos, biting flies, and fleas. Insect repellents are highly useful tools in preventing diseases that are transmitted by insects. A potent example is the Bite Blocker, which was released n 1997. It affects their olfactory functions and increases the toxicity of other known insecticides. These organic repellents can be made home. They can ruin your outdoor fun easily. In the year 2000, the EPA registered PMD as a biopesticide repellent. Refined from the oil produced by a specific variety of eucalyptus tree ( Corymbia citriodora ), oil of lemon eucalyptus can also be produced synthetically and is then referred to by its chemical name p -Menthane-3,8-diol, or PMD. Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus . Mark Forums Read; Quick Links. DEET manufacturers tell their consumers not to use their products on damaged skin or underneath their clothes. OLE is an oil extracted from the gum eucalyptus tree (native to Australia); the actual extracted chemical is … The other repellent is oil of lemon … Active ingredients in EPA-registered insect repellents include catnip oil, oil of citronella, DEET, IR 3535, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, and 2-undecanone. Lemon eucalyptus oil is extracted by means of steam distillation. The winning products used picaridin and oil of lemon eucalyptus as the active ingredients. View Site Leaders One product, containing 7 percent picaridin, is being distributed in the United States for the first time this year. Lower concentrations of 20 to 30% give three to six hours of biting insect protection. Many products combine oil of lemon eucalyptus and PMD. Preventing mosquitoes from biting you is the best way to ward off these diseases is to keep away the biting mosquitoes. Extensive exposure to DEET can cause impaired cognitive function, insomnia, and moor disturbances. You can also acquire repellents made of plant-derived ingredients. Research developers claim that oil of lemon eucalyptus, combined with menthol and camphor may be effective when applied to the affected area. Diethyltoluamide also known as N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide or DEET is the most common ingredient in repellents. These chemicals also repel flies and mosquitoes and activate the same receptor. I have been using the oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Citriodora) for many years with great success (25 drops mixed in a 60 ml spray bottle with water). Yes, you can use mosquito nets when you sleep. Zika should be warded off with a safe repellent and not by a hazardous one. ”CDC confirms oil of lemon eucalyptus as effective as DEET.” Oh, what a tangled web this weaved! Note: Just because OLE comes from trees, it's still strong stuff. DEET products have longer insect protection. DEET does not affect the insect’s ability to detect carbon dioxide. A lot of times we are left weighing relative risks. Several major brands currently produce lemon eucalyptus oil sprays, most of which are lauded for their comparable effectiveness when it comes to dissuading mosquitos as well as their fresh, citrusy scent. Products containing OLE and PMD include, but are not limited to, Repel and Off! This only proves that plant based repellents can be used as confidently as synthetic ones. What’s more important: Using the strongest weapons we can against disease-bearing insects, or staying away from synthetic chemicals that have been associated with health problems? These organic repellents can be made home. Be sure to read and follow product instructions closely. It contains soybean oil, coconut oil, and geranium oil. In 2013, a study was performed. There are two types of lemon eucalyptus oil: refined oils and unrefined oils. Always ask your doctor if you can use either DEET or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Lemon eucalyptus is the essential oil that’s distilled from the leaves of the lemon eucalyptus tree. How Much Should We Worry About Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids? Consult your doctor first before you use any product with lemon eucalyptus oil. Oil of lemon eucalyptus has been found to be as effective as DEET in warding off Anopheles funestus and Anopheles gambiae for more than six hours. Children below two years old should only receive one application of DEET a day. Breastfeeding and pregnant women should avoid using oil of lemon eucalyptus. It is then permitted to react with diethylamine. Melissa Breyer is Treehugger’s editorial director. As you may know, DEET is readily absorbed through the skin, straight into the systemic circulation. Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) ... Limited data show that DEET-containing insect repellents applied over sunscreen decrease the sun protection factor of the sunscreen by one-third; travelers using both products may therefore need to reapply sunscreen more frequently. However, the protection offered by lemon eucalyptus oil doesn’t seem to last quite as long as DEET. These insecticides are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. CDC Confirms Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus as Effective as DEET, Mosquitoes in Michigan Spread Dangerous EEE Virus, 3 Top-Rated Insect Repellents That Don’t Contain DEET, How to Get Rid of Mosquitoes Naturally and Reclaim Your Backyard, Try These Effective Mosquito Repellents for Dogs. You can also use screens and wear long sleeves and long pants. Synthesized plant oils, like lemon eucalyptus oil and IR3535, don’t protect quite as long and are effective against mosquitoes and some tick species. You can acquire DEET in the form of extended-release products, creams, sprays, and lotions. Lemon eucalyptus oil, which is also known as p-menthane 3,8-diol or PMD, seems to offer similar protection to low amounts of DEET. Any DEET-based product should never be used on kids below six months of age. The original solution for DEET was made up of ethanol and 75% DEET. Then, a new application of DEET was developed by the USDA and the US Army. They describe it as such: "Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD (chemical name: para-menthane-3,8-diol), the synthesized version of OLE. As you know, DEET is the most widely used repellent in the world. In Tanzania, humans were used to test the oil. I know that some people shy away from botanicals when they’ve got manmade alternatives to take care of the job, but plants are powerful! This use is important when you consider the dangers of DEET and other toxic solutions, and want to steer clear of them. Oil of lemon eucalyptus has been found to be the most effective natural mosquito repellent. You should also void spraying the repellent directly on your face and inhaling it at the same time. It is also known to be toxic in some freshwater species of zooplankton. Find fact … On my last backpacking trip I decided to test Off with 25% DEET and Cutter's 30% Lemon Eucalyptus insect repellent. It is also known in and out of Australia in the field of horticulture. I had to special order the oil of Lemon Eucalyptus at Wholefoods because they didn't carry it (but they will gladly order it for you). It is important that you wash your hands thoroughly after you apply the oil. In a performed behavioral test, DEET was able to repel mosquitoes in the absence of the attractants in body odor such as carbon dioxide, 1-octen-3-ol, and lactic acid. DEET is also recommended for children ages two to twelve years old, is DEET’s concentration is not greater than 10%, and applied up to three times daily. Read reviews, ratings and efficacy performance on many chemical based, organic and all natural insect repellents. The world already has enough synthetic chemicals being sprayed about, it's time to let the plants do some heavy lifting. The CDC recommends lemon eucalyptus oil as a mosquito repellent, calls it comparable to DEET in effectiveness. The resulting product is a pale yellow, thin oil, which smells fresh, woody, and sweet. We’ve all seen the headlines. It was composed of DEET and several polymers which reduced DEET’s rate of evaporation and extended its release. DEET has been the most widely-used repellent for mosquitoes. Many botanical repellents contain highly concentrated allergens. When 30% oil of lemon eucalyptus is applied three times every day, ticks are prevented from biting or even attaching. Also, a great deal of lemon eucalyptus oil’s potential use as a DEET-alternative derives from its present usage in a broad range of consumer-grade products. It’s colorless and effective, developed by the United States back in 1946 to prot… A typical chemical profile for this essential oil is: citronellal (70-90%), citronellol (4-12%), and isopulegol (1-16%). The CDC advises not to use Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus or PMD on very young children, so avoid it while pregnant. Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol. It was first discovered by the US Department of Agriculture. It can help you with several ailments such as colds, poor circulation, coughs, flu, fever, arthritis, catarrh, bronchitis, cold sores, and sinusitis. But be warned, as one Amazon reviewer put it, "omg does this stuff have a strong smell to it. Remember Me? Plant-based repellents appeal to those who prefer more natural formulations, but their performance significantly lags in levels of protection, length of protection and … Known to the chemistry set as N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide, DEET was potentially linked to 14 cases of brain damage in the 1980s and 90s, inciting a flood of fear amongst consumers that has yet to recede. Consult your doctor about the best type of repellent for you. It's easy to say you'll never use DEET , that is until you come down to South Carolina. Verbena, and cedar. These Natural Pesticides Won't Harm Good Bugs, Common Household Products That Can Kill the Coronavirus, 16 Safer Disinfectants to Use Against Coronavirus, 5 Surprising Everyday Things That Are Toxic. View Site Leaders In the United States, it is called OLE or oil of lemon eucalyptus. The extended release DEET was then registered in 1991 by the EPA. There are synthetic and natural insect repellents, which you may have already used. You can use 30%, 40%, and 75% oi of lemon eucalyptus solution in preventing mosquito bites. Oil of lemon eucalyptus has been found to be as effective as DEET in warding off Anopheles funestus and Anopheles gambiae for more than six hours. DEET, for instance, might be a foreign name to you, but it’s actually very common. Possibly Effective for Preventing tick bites , when applied to the skin . Since lemon eucalyptus has a significantly lower risk of negative side effects and it’s been shown to work really well, there’s no reason to use DEET over lemon eucalyptus oil. This only proves that DEET brings about neurological effects on insects. Oil of lemon eucalyptus is usually applied on your skin if you want to repel deer tick and mosquito bites. Botanicals. Both male and female mosquitoes exhibit the same response. Vicks VapoRub can be used daily on the fungus infested toenail until the nail eventually grows out and clears the infection. It suggested that mosquitoes can adapt to or overcome temporarily to DEET’s repellent effect after their initial exposure. Lemon eucalyptus oil is acquired from twigs and leaves of Corymbia citriodora or Eucalyptus citriodora. Behold oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), the plant-based active ingredient derived from eucalyptus leaves and approved for efficacy by the CDC. We’ve all heard that bug spray and long-limbed clothing help repel nasty mosquitoes, but there are many other handy mosquito fighters out there that many of us have not heard of. Home; Forum; FAQ; Calendar; Forum Actions. Oil of lemon eucalyptus is similar in composition to menthol and can be extracted naturally from eucalyptus leaves and twigs. At room temperature, DEET is a light-yellow fluid. In the meantime, back to the BEACH! Before using any product or should you have any symptoms or concerns, please contact your doctor. DEET has been believed to work by blocking the olfactory receptors of insects. They list DEET, picaridin, IR3535, 2-undecanone, and oil of lemon eucalyptus. It is formulated to be applied on clothing and on your skin. Scientific American describes one study, among others: "A study conducted in the late 1980s on Everglades National Park employees to determine the effects of DEET found that a full one-quarter of the subjects studied experienced negative health effects that they blamed on exposure to the chemical. A study even showed that 10% to 15% of DEET can be retrieved from the urine. I love the outdoors but hate bugs! Risks and Benefits of Using Insect Repellents. PMD works by masking the mosquito’s environmental cues in locating their prey. But at the very least, you don’t have to worry about adverse effects that DEET usually brings about on the user. Mark Forums Read; Quick Links. I mean my wife was sent away in tears so imagine what it must do to the bugs. This is evident in people who live in places infested with ticks. Mosquitoes dislike the smell of DEET, that is why it is an effective repellent. DEET has been found in studies to cause a wide array of side effects in humans. It also activates linalool, thujone, and eucalyptol. Meanwhile, in 2014 the EPA reported that after an interim review of DEET, they were unable to identify any risks of concern to “human health, non-target species or the environment.” So it's a bit of a mixed bag. DEET can irritate and may cause severe reactions on the skin, headaches, breathing difficulty, and burning eyes. These organic ingredients give you temporary protection. The studies that were conducted showed 30% OLE to be comparable to DEET of 10-15% for two hours or so. In fact, one study suggested that lemon eucalyptus oil gives better protection compared to DEET. This is to check if you are allergic to it. It can be produced or prepared by transforming m-toluic acid or 3-methylbenzoic acid to acyl chloride. Ingesting it is highly unsafe. Lotions are rubbed into the skin more, so DEET molecules penetrate the skin. The theory before is that DEET blinds the senses of insects to prevent their senses from detecting animals and humans that produce 1-octen-3-ol. DEET kills mosquitoes. Usually, DEET is available in lotion or spray in concentrations that reach 100%. The result was that the oil of lemon eucalyptus gave 6 to 7.75 hours of protection. I'm usually a mosquito magnet. Xiaochen Gu, a Canadian researcher, recommends the use of DEET sprays. Interestingly, a study published in Malaria Journal (if anyone knows about mosquito protection ...) explains how plants have been used for millennia to repel insects. Take note that other people may have skin reactions to this organic repellent. Products containing the following active ingredients typically provide reasonably long-lasting protection.". It was fondly known as bug juice. That's good enough for me. Overall, chemical repellents like DEET and picaridin offer long-lasting and wide-ranging protection, repelling mosquitoes, ticks and many fly species. So there you have it. Be cautious in using repellents when you know you are pregnant. Here’s the thing: DEET does work. According to Consumer Reports, there is a correlation between hours of protection and DEET concentration. Other chemicals in various repellents have similar structures to DEET. Beach, beach and more beach. this stuff is awesome!). If you prefer DEET, you should choose the lowest concentration, which has the longest protection time. Disclaimer: All information found on this website is provided for your information only and is not intended to diagnose or treat any medical condition. She is a sustainability expert and author whose work has been published by the New York Times and National Geographic, among others. Lemon eucalyptus is a tree that can grow up to about 50 meters high. The synthetic version of this oil is known as PMD or p-menthane-3,8-diol. Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus when Applied on the Skin. This is why so many people use it. A 2016 study found that the efficacy of this particular oil falls third in line, behind DEET and picaridin. "Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or PMD (chemical name: para-menthane-3,8-diol), the synthesized version of OLE. Evidence indicates that it works very well, often comparable with DEET products of similar concentration. Hi, I'm Jennifer and I am all about nature, clean living and a chemical free lifestyle with what I eat and what I put on my body. Effects included rashes, skin irritation, numb or burning lips, nausea, headaches, dizziness and difficulty concentrating.". Some you may have already encountered are thyme, peppermint, garlic, allspice, rosemary, cinnamon, basil. A skin patch test is usually recommended before using any skin product, especially skin repellents such as oil of lemon eucalyptus. Refined oils contain high amounts of PMD while unrefined oils are typically higher in citronella content. The agency notes: "CDC has evaluated information published in peer-reviewed scientific literature and data available from EPA to identify several types of EPA-registered products that provide repellent activity sufficient to help people reduce the bites of disease-carrying mosquitoes. It protects against biting insects such as leeches, flees, chiggers, ticks, and mosquitoes.  The products from PMD can be used on clothes or on human skin as a repellent against gnats, mosquitoes, and biting flies. The names are very similar, but the two chemicals are quite different. DEET provides 59.8% protection against every species of ticks. It was then patented by the US Army in the year 1946. Bite Blocker can protect you against Aedes species of mosquitoes for up to three and a half hours. The oil of lemon eucalyptus is pure, unrefined, and is used in making various fragrances. It is found in tropical and temperate northeastern Australia. Lemon eucalyptus essential oil (sometimes simply called Lemon eucalyptus oil) is made by steam distilling the dried leaves and twigs of the lemon eucalyptus tree (Eucalyptus citriodora or Corymbia citriodora). It may also help with treating toenail fungus, muscle spasms or onychomycosis, and osteoarthritis. If lemon eucalyptus chest rubs containing oil of lemon eucalyptus is ingested, it can cause seizures and even death. It has already become very popular as an insect repellent. The use of plant-based oil formulations applied to the skin or clothes were first recorded in writings by ancient Greek, Roman and Indian scholars. Re-apply it from time to time, especially after swimming or exercising. Anyway, I hope you enjoy my posts as much as I enjoyed creating the, And, I truly hope that my putting pen-to-paper helps keep you 'insect bite free' this season. (Dr. Mercola) Lemon eucalyptus oil, the common name of one of the natural oils obtained from the lemon-scented gum eucalyptus plant, has gained popularity as an insect repellant. PMD is the ingredient in the oil that makes it repellent to insects. Acquiring a mosquito-borne illness, such as Zika, makes you wary of traveling and even just stepping out the door of your home. << “ I've read that Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus is as effective as DEET.” >> Just be sure you’re making an “apples to apples” comparison. Opt for a natural repellent that does not have harmful adverse effects. Even the decidedly-not-crunchy CDC finds this botanical alternative to DEET good enough to recommend as one of the five ingredients to use against disease-carrying pests. Oil of lemon eucalyptus has the following benefits: You can store lemon eucalyptus oil in a cool, dark place. Other reports of ill effects from the ingredients haven’t helped its cause. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) recommends DEET users that they should wash off DEET when the user gets indoors. It can protect against biting insects as well as DEET, but not as long. Effects of DEET on the Surrounding Environment. Citriodiol is the tradename registered name of the refined oil of lemon eucalyptus. This only proves that the receptor can be used to look for new insect repellents. When the experts compared the results with those of DEET’s, lemon eucalyptus oil and DEET had everything in common, including effectiveness against the Aedes species of mosquitoes. “Pure” oil of lemon eucalyptus (essential oil not formulated as a repellent) is not recommended; it has not undergone similar, validated testing for safety and efficacy and is not registered with EPA as an insect repellent.". Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus is a natural oil derived from the lemon-scented gum eucalyptus plant. Products containing OLE and PMD include, but … But to be certain that you and your loved ones are protected, you should use the right kind of mosquito repellents. If you use 10 to 30% DEET properly, it is safe to use on kids and adults. It’s a liquid with a faint odor that doesn’t dissolve easily in water. it not only repels mosquitoes but I'm sure it could work on mother-in-laws, ex's, lawyers, cops, etc. Oil of lemon eucalyptus can be mixed with a plant carrier like jojoba, castor oil, and olive oil and a medium such as witch hazel. DEET activates an olfactory receptor neuron in the antennal sensilla in mosquitoes. But the truth is, DEET might also be killing us simultaneously. Natural Care Mosquito Repellent Review, Repel Lemon Eucalyptus Natural Insect Repellent Review, Keeping Flies and Mosquitoes Away While Boating, 7 Best All Natural Mosquito Repellent Bug …, BugMace Safari Strength Organic All Natural Mosquito …, Amerta All Natural Insect Repellent Spray, Natura Bona Organic Flying Insect Repellent, Carpe Insectae All Natural Insect Repellent, Babyganics Natural Insect Repellent Review, Mosquito Repellent and Protection: How To & Tips, Zika News and Updates on Insect Borne Diseases, 5% of Zika Pregnancies Results in Birth Defects, New vector control response seen as game-changer. Some testing has shown that concentrations of 20 to 26 percent PMD may perform as well as 15 to 20 percent DEET against both mosquitoes and ticks, though its maximum protection time against mosquitoes and ticks is shorter, according to the EPA. In addition, the oil doesn’t leave the user with an oily feel or the unpleasant smell of DEET products. 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